From Disaster Risk Reduction to Design for Resilience and Regeneration: Three Prototypes in three Years
“What if we changed the narrative of Disaster Risk Reduction or DRR, into that of Design for Resilience and Regeneration?”
This is what inspires our design as Green Releaf Initiative. It started in 2009 when I was helping pack relief goods full of plastics and processed food. Looking at the massive pile of carbon packed to respond to the floods and mass displacement caused by Typhoon Ketsana, I wondered, “how might we address problems without the same factors that caused the problem in the first place?” This inquiry led to circular design called “Green Releaf” which eventually paved the way to studying permaculture and ecovillage design education years later. In 2017, Green Releaf became a registered non — profit organization through seed funding from LUSH Re:Fund.
I live in what the Global Peace Index in 2019 would refer to as “the most vulnerable country in the world facing multiple climate hazards.” The Philippines faces an average of 20 typhoons a year, on top of historical conflict and other natural hazards like volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes. Living with a go-bag for emergencies since childhood, my reality motivates me to design deeper, in ways that go beyond aid.
DESIGN FOR RESILIENCE: SUPPORTING RECOVERING COMMUNITIES
In 3 years, Green Releaf prototyped 2 initiatives and emergent long term programs that used permaculture as a recovery and prevention approach for disasters and displacement.
To support communities recovering from radical changes, we prototyped two designs.
Image 1 — Garden at Madrasa with Marawi Siege IDPs demonstrating what they learned (photo by Sarah Queblatin)
Garden to Garden Releaf is a garden based response to address immediate food security (from garden), WASH, well-being, and ends by enabling a garden based livelihood (to garden). After an ISIS allied siege of Marawi City in 2017, we supported around 500 internally displaced peoples (IDPs) by setting up rainwater catchments, sourced vegetable food packs from nearby organic farms until the garden we co-created with a composting system with the IDPs was ready for harvest. We grew a school garden for displaced children living in a tent city across it in partnership with the Global Network on Religions for Children. We partnered with Catholic Relief Services and the World Food Program to apply permaculture in backyard gardens of 60+ displaced families in a resettlement at ground zero.
Image 2 — Women IDPs at the resettlement with their vermicomposting system (photo by Ash Abdullah) The
Witnessing Trees Project was inspired by old growth trees that withstood time to witness history take place in a certain location. I remember sitting under a tree at the COP21 in Paris bearing witness to the agreement to end the fossil fuel era and reflected on the role of trees in climate vulnerable countries like mine. Apart from its capacity to sink carbon and act as windbreaks, I recalled how trees became lifelines for those who survived floods and powerful typhoon winds in communities I worked with in the past either by climbing them or tying themselves on them.
Image 3 — Damaged GM corn fields after Typhoon Mangkhut in Kalinga (photo by Gumay Tenda)
Image 4 — Permaculture demonstration site in the making with indigenous farmers of Kalinga (photo by Gumay Tenda)
The ecosystem based DRR project was prototyped in an indigenous community in Kalinga province, a year after it was affected by Typhoon Haima in 2016 through the invitation of the Department of Education. We used permaculture to demonstrate the potential for regenerative livelihood through ecosystem restoration as the village of Balawag suffered crop loss not just through typhoons but from degrading soil from land conversion to GM corn with glyphosate use. Through a 1.5 ha demonstration site in partnership with the local government and agencies, we trained 16 grassroots indigenous leaders, 60+ farmers, 200+ students, and individuals in practical permaculture. An integration of permaculture in the agricultural curriculum of the school is underway as the project resumes after the Covid19 lockdowns for its transition into a 5 year regenerative development program.
Image 5 — Participatory 3D hazard mapping (photo by Gumay Tenda)
DESIGN FOR REGENERATION: ENABLING SYSTEMIC AND COLLECTIVE IMPACT
In our 3rd year, we prepared to weave existing regenerative practices and designed Re:Source Regeneration Labs a s a regenerative design lab and learning journey so we can catalyze and scale their solutions for collective whole systems impact. The process combines permaculture and ecovillage design principles with Theory U along with Filipino ways of problem solving.
In early 2020, we designed a regenerative aid lab inviting informal aid actors that were responding to the displacement brought about by the Taal Volcano eruption. We gathered mappers, breastfeeding groups, mental health advocates, community kitchens, and farmers together to cross-pollinate and design systemic solutions together through a regenerative design sprint.
Apart from the regenerative aid lab, we have also activated ecosystems for regeneration particularly for those doing zero waste and circular economies that helped contribute to the National Plan of Action for Marine Litter. We also run a slower lab for the design of a regenerative economy by enabling organic farming and ecotourism in Sagada, Mountain Province.
Image 6 — Ecosystem mapping of organic farming and ecotourism initiatives in Sagada Mountain Province (photo by Sarah Queblatin)
SCALING UP, WIDE, and DEEP
The next stages of the abovementioned initiatives are inviting us to scale and replicate what we started with new partners and communities while completing what we started as covid-19 and new disasters have halted our projects earlier this year.
To enhance our permaculture work in indigenous communities through a landscape approach to food sovereignty, Living Story Landscapes was born using culture and creativity to document traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) to honor indigenous permaculture practices already existing in a place. We will be embarking on this with 2 new indigenous communities replicating what we started in Kalinga.
Image 7 — Promoting the value of agroforestry system for mature coffee trees in Kalinga in partnership with Department of Trade and Industry (photo by Gumay Tenda)
Our Regenerative Transitions program is born out of a 5 year regenerative development plan co-designed with the indigenous village in Balawag, Tabuk City, Kalinga and the local government as a continuation of the Witnessing Trees project. Currently we are preparing to integrate this approach in a regenerative food ecosystems lab in 2021 to bring together partner cities and municipalities for a landscape approach to food to prevent further natural disasters while addressing hunger in 7.6 million families due to the pandemic.
Image 8 — Regenerative transition program dialogue and planning between government and indigenous leaders (photo by Gumay Tenda)
Image 9 — Permaculture translation to local languages (photo by Sarah Queblatin)
Our Grassroots Permaculture Leadership and Permaculture Design Certification program is meant for early adopters in community partners who can be multipliers of the permaculture solutions they learn in the demonstration sites we create with them.
Image 10 — Permaculture Design Certificate Course for grassroots leaders in climate and conflict vulnerable areas with Rosemary Morrow (photo by Rona Reina)
Video — A glimpse of our permaculture training with grassroots leaders affected by disasters and displacement.
In the wake of Super Typhoons Goni and Vamco that just recently caused massive loss and damage in November 2020, we are now preparing to activate informal aid activities together once again, learning from our first prototype to scale it. Through Garden Releaf, we are also preparing to support sustainable agriculture associations in Tiwi, Albay to grow food for immediate food security and typhoon proofing and repairing damaged farm structures through the leadership of one of our PDC students.
A peer to peer coaching program and the development of alternative learning materials are emerging out of the covid-19 travel limitations. Our goal is to have more IDPs or grassroots community members impacted by radical changes to learn and practice permaculture so they can be first responders for regenerative solutions in communities for future disasters and displacement to come. To support our next steps, visit www.greenreleaf.org/support.
*Originally posted on Permaculture Magazine